One of the most recognizable perks of beingpresident is getting to fly aboard Air Force One.
How long have presidents been flying on AirForce One? What kind of features does the airplane have? Towards the end of World War II, the needarose to have President Franklin Roosevelt fly overseas to a conference in Casablanca.
A Boeing 314 Flying Boat, nicknamed the DixieClipper, was selected for the journey.
With this historic flight to Morocco, FranklinRoosevelt became the first sitting president to fly in an airplane.
Two years later, Roosevelt flew to Yalta.
For this trip, a C-54 Skymaster, which becameknown as the Sacred Cow, was commandeered and altered for the president’s use.
Following the flight toYalta, the Sacred Cow continued to be used foranother two years during the presidency of Harry Truman.
Throughout the 1950s and 60s, presidentialair travel became increasingly common.
The first plane known by the moniker Air ForceOne was a Lockheed Constellation.
In the 1960s and 70s, the aircraft used wasa Boeing 707.
Currently, the plane known as Air Force Oneis a Boeing VC-25, which is a highly modified version of a Boeing 747.
Air Force One is essentially a flying WhiteHouse.
Everything the president might need to dofrom the White House, he or she can also do from Air Force One.
The plane includes three different levelsand over 4,000 square feet of floor space.
There is an office, a bedroom, a bathroom,a workout room, and a conference room for meetings.
Other features of Air Force One include amedical suite which can function as an operating room, in case of an extreme emergency.
There is a full-time doctor onboard the airplaneat all times (when in use).
There are also two food preparation areasthat can prepare food for up to 100 people at a time.
The airplane also has sleeping quarters forthe president’s staff and others who travel with him or her (such as Secret Service agents).
Air Force One also includes highly advancedsecurity features which help to keep the president and his or her entourage safe while in theairplane.
State-of-the-art electronics also ensure thatthe plane and its features will continue functioning in the event of an attack.
Many of these security and electronic featuresare so secret they are not known to the public.
Air Force One is not actually one airplane,but two.
There are two completely identical airplaneswhich serve the president.
Additionally, the title Air Force One doesnot refer to the airplane itself.
“Air Force One” is the designation usedby the Air Force for any United States Air Force airplane that is carrying the president.
The current planes known as Air Force Onehave been in use since 1990.
They have been scheduled for replacement in2024.
The process of purchasing and modifying thenew airplanes will cost more than $3 billion and take more than five years to complete.