This video covers1.
Thyroid glands and its function 2.
Types of thyroid diseases3.
Causes of thyroid disease 4.
Side effects 8.
Thyroid and Pregnancy 10.
Foods for thyroid diseaseIf you want to go to a particular topic you may scroll down to description box and clickthe concerned topic.
Thyroid gland and its functionThe thyroid gland is a butterfly-shaped organ base of your neck and just below your Adam'sapple.
It is composed of two lobes one on the right and the other is on left.
Womenhave a larger size of thyroid gland.
Thyroid hormones are primarily responsiblefor regulation of metabolism of body by producing T3 and T4 hormones.
Your metabolic rate shows how quickly you process food, how fast your heart beats, howmuch heat your body generates and even how quickly you can think.
The production of thyroid hormones is controlled by another hormone called thyroid stimulatinghormones (TSH).
TSH hormones are produced by pituitary gland situated below the brain.
The level of thyroid hormones is sensed and when there are less numbers of thyroid hormonespituitary glands secrets Thyroid Stimulating Hormones (TSH).
TSH provides signals to thethyroid gland and thyroid glands starts producing more number of Thyroid hormones.
In the sameway when there are more numbers of thyroid hormones, pituitary reduces TSH and so thethyroid glands reduces the production of Thyroid hormones.
T3 is called trii-odo-thyronine T4 is called tetra-iodo-thyroxineT3 is so named because it contains three atoms of iodine per molecule and T4 contains fouratoms of iodine per molecule.
T4 is actually less active than T3 hormone.
But we take synthetic T4 hormones in form of tablets because most of the T3 hormonesin our bodies can be generated by T4.
When T4 hormones come into contact in some organsas in lever, they give up an iodine atom to interact and as T4 loses an iodine atom, itbecomes T3.
Normal levels of T3, T4 & TSH hormones fora man or women are T3 0.
60 – 1.
80 ng/mlT4 4.
5 – 10.
9 mcg/dl TSH 0.
35 – 5.
5 mIu/L Please note that this is not for a pregnantwoman.
Types of thyroid diseases1.
Hypothyroid When thyroid gland produces less number ofthyroid hormones, it is called hypothyroidism.
HyperthyroidismWhen thyroid gland produces more number of thyroid hormones, it is called hyperthyroidism.
Goiter When there are multiple nodules and swellingof the thyroid gland, it is called goiter.
Causes of thyroid diseaseThe main cause of hypothyroidism is an autoimmune condition in which the body produces antibodies.
These antibodies attack on thyroid gland and destroy it.
This condition is called Hashimoto’sdisease.
Sometimes clinical removal of thyroid gland may cause hypothyroidism.
Some other reasons as problems in pituitary gland, problems in hypothalamus and iodinedeficiency may also cause hypothyroidism.
In case of congenital hypothyroidism, newborn baby has hypothyroid disease.
The main cause of hyperthyroidism is Graves'disease in which the immune system produces antibodies that excites the entire thyroidgland and thyroid gland produces more hormones than required.
Scientists aren't sure why the body produces antibodies against itself.
Some think a virusor bacterium might trigger the response, while others believe a genetic flaw may be involved.
Most likely, autoimmune diseases result from more than one factor.
There are several causes of Goiter as autoimmunedisease, benign disease, malignant disease, infection and iodine deficiency.
When thereis goiter, the patient has less space in food pipe to pass the food and water and so troublingin swallowing the food and water.
The patient may feel problem in breathing also.
Symptoms of thyroid problems.
Symptoms of hyperthyroidism Symptoms of hypothyroidism • Hyperthyroidism increase the metabolism• Sudden weight loss, • Rapid heart beat• Nervousness, anxiety • Sweating• Changes in menstrual patterns • Increased sensitivity to heat• frequent bowel movements • Fatigue, muscle weakness• Difficulty in sleeping • An enlarged thyroid gland • hypothyroidismdecreases the metabolism • Weight gain• Slow heart rate • Fatigue• Increased sensitivity to cold • Constipation• Dry skin • Hair loss• Depression TreatmentLevel of thyroid hormones can be tested with the help of one easy blood test.
If you are diagnosed with an hypothyroidism you may be prescribed a hormone replacementdrug that is to be taken daily, for the rest of your life.
If you are diagnosed with hyperthyroidism, you may be treated with drug therapy, surgeryor radioactive therapy.
Drug therapy prevent the production of thyroid hormones.
In Surgeryand radioactive therapy the size of thyroid gland is reduced and so the production ofT4 hormones is reduced.
In radioactive iodine therapy, patient is ingested the radioiodineand over the course of weeks or months, it destroys some part of the thyroid gland.
Surgicalas well as radioiodine method is not exact method to cure hyperthyroidism.
It has beennoticed that many patients end up with an underactive thyroid, which is then regulatedthrough medication.
Goiter can be treated by surgery or radioactivetherapy.
DosageSupplements, foods or other medications can alter the effectiveness of the tablets, sothey should be taken with water on an empty stomach, and you should avoid eating for 30minutes afterwards.
Side effectsSome people has noticed the side effects as chest pain, diarrhea, headaches, sweatingand vomiting.
Natural remediesUjjayi Pranayam Kapalbhati asanaSarvang asana Hal asanaThyroid and Pregnancy If a woman want pregnancy, It's importantto check levels of thyroid hormones.
If you are having thyroid problem there are lesschances of getting pregnant.
If you get pregnancy also , there are chances of miscarriage.
Thereare chances of an underdeveloped baby may be physically and/or mentally.
So it’s veryimportant to treat your thyroid problem first before getting pregnancy.
If pregnancy hasbeen already achieved, you will be required special attention to make thyroid levels incontrol during whole pregnancy period.
Diet for hypothyroidism diseaseEat Avoid Whole Grains like brown rice, bulgur (Daliya),oats, etc cherries, sweet potatoes, tomatoesbeans FishNuts – Almonds, cashew, Walnuts, Brazil nuts yogurt, curd, cottage cheese Soy productslike soy milk, soy sauce, soybean paste, tempeh (a soy cake), tofubroccoli cabbagecauliflower kaleGluten that is found in foods processed from wheat, barley, ryeFatty Foods – like French fries, chips, fried chicken, butter sugar products Alcohol Caffeine Diet for hyperthyroidism diseaseEat Don’t Eat Omega 3 Fatty Acids as Nuts – Almonds, cashew,Walnuts, Brazil nuts and olive oil, and flaxseed oil, fishdairy products like milk, cheese, and yogurt.
broccoli, cauliflower and kaleBerries (Amla) seaweed, kelp, salt, processed foods and fried foods.
White flour (maida), sugary foods, gluten that is found in foods processed fromwheat, barley, rye, Soy products like soy milk, soy sauce, soybeanpaste, tempeh (a soy cake), tofu cornhydrogenated vegetable oil like crackers, onion rings, chips, donutsCaffeine I hope this video is helpful for you.
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